- Who is Allah?
- Angels Of Allah
- Books of Allah
- Messengers of Allah
- The Sahaabah (Companions) of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
- Fate (Taqdeer)
- The Last Day (Qiyaamah)
- The Life after Death
- What water is permissible for Wudhu?
- How to make Wudhu: (Detail)
- How to make Wudhu: (Summary Picture)
- Farz of Wudhu
- Sunnats of Wudhu
- Mustahab of Wudhu
- Makrooh acts in Wudhu
- Nawaqis acts in Wudhu
- Masaa’il (rules) pertaining to Wudhu
- What Water is permissible for Ghusl?
- Niyyat (Intention) for Ghusl
- Procedure for performing Ghusl
- Farz of Ghusl
- Sunnats of Ghusl
- Rules whilst making Ghusl
- Masaa’il pertaining to Ghusl
- Sequence of clipping the finger and toe nails
- When is Tayammum permitted?
- Farz of Tayammum
- Masnoon (preferred) way of Tayammum
- Items on which Tayammum is permitted/ not permitted:
- Nawaaqis of Tayammum
- Masah on the Khuffain (Socks)
- The method of Masah alal Khuffain
- Important Ahkaam(Rules) pertaining to Masah alal Khuffain
Adhaan (call to Prayer)
- What is Azaan (Call to Prayer)?
- How to Call out Azaan?
- Du’a after Azaan
- The Seven Mustahabs in Azaan
- What is Iqaamat?
- Masaa’il pertaining to Azaan&Iqaamat
- Structure of Salaah (table)
- Conditions for Salaah
- Times of Salaah
- Farz (Compulsory acts) in Salaah
- Waajib (Necessary acts) in Salaah
- Sunnahs in Salaah
- Mustahab (Preferable acts) in Salaah
- Makrooh acts in Salaah
- Mufsidaat-e-Namaaz (Breakers of Salaah)
- Times it is permissible to break one’s Salaah
- Salaah with Jamaat
- Benefits of reading Salaah with Jamaat
- Reasons when a person is excused from Attending the Jamaat in a Masjid
- Who should be appointed an Imam in the absence of a fixed Imam
- Person whose Imaamat is not accepted
- Masbooq (person who joined the Jamaat late)
- Qaza Salaat
- Musaafir’s (Traveller’s) Salaah
- How to perform 2 Rakaats Salaah according to Sunnah
- Etiquettes after Salaah
- Jumuah(friday) Salaah
- Conditions for saying the Jumuah Salaah
- The Masnoon method of delivering the Khutba
- Things not allowed during the Khutba
- Eid Salaah
- How to perform the Eid Salaah
- Salaah of a sick person
- Salaah of Istikhaarah
Death and Burial of a Muslim
- The Muhtadhar
- The Talqeen
- What to do after a person has passed away
- Kafan requirements for a Male
- Kafan requirements for a Female
- Requirements for a Qabr(Grave)
- Two types of Graves
- Order of Kafan for Male and Female
- Requirements for Ghusl
- Who should perform the Ghusl
- The Ghusl (Masnoon sequence)
- How to put Kafan on a Male and Female
- Prohibited articles in teh Kafan
- What to do after the Kafan
- How the Janaazah should be carried
- Where should the Janaazah Salaah be performed
- Times when Janaazah Salaah can be performed
- The Janaazah Namaaz
- For late comers to the Janaazah Salaah
- The Sahriah’s method for Dafn(Burial)
- How the Qabr should be filled and shaped
- Ta’ziat (to sympathize with the bereaved)
- Visiting the graveyard (Qabrastan)
- How to stand in Janaazah Salaah
- Period of Iddat (Waiting)
- A few noteworthy Masaa’il regarding Islamic Burial
- What is Fasting?
- Different types of Fasting
- The Niyyat or Intention
- Du’a at the time of Breaking a Fast
- Mustahabs in Fasting
- Things considered to be Makrooh while Fasting
- Things that break one’s Fast
- Things that break one’s Fast but make only Qaza Wajib
- Things that make both Qaza and Kaffarah Wajib
- Things that do not break the Fast
- People exempted from Fasting in Ramadan
- Fidya (Compensation) for Fast
- Conditions of I’tikaaf
- Things permitted during I’tikaaf
- Things to do during I’tikaaf
- Niyyat for Nafl I’tikaaf
- Virtues of Ramadan
- Six duties in Fast known as Sunnats
- Fasting teaches Sympathy for the hungry
- Spirit of Ramadan
- IMPORTANCE OF ZAKAAT AND IT’S MEANING
- VIRTUES OF ZAKAAT
- THE PUNISHMENT FOR NOT GIVING ZAKAAT
- ON WHOM IS ZAKAAT FARZ
- TYPES OF WEALTH ON WHICH ZAKAAT IS FARZ
- TYPES OF WEALTH ON WHICH ZAKAAT IS NOT FARZ
- ANIMALS ON WHICH ZAKAAT IS FARZ
- ANIMALS ON WHICH ZAKAAT IS NOT FARZ
- NISAAB AND RATE OF ZAKAAT
- THE TIME AND NISAAB OF ZAKAAT FOR LIVESTOCK
- TABLE OF ZAKAAT FOR SHEEP AND GOATS
- TABLE OF ZAKAAT FOR CATTLE AND WATER BUFFALOES
- THE NIYYAT (intention) OF ZAKAAT
- THE METHOD OF DISTRIBUTING ZAKAAT
- TO WHOM ZAKAAT CAN BE GIVEN (MASAARIF)
- PERSONS THAT CANNOT BE GIVEN ZAKAAT
- WHEN IS ZAKAAT FARZ ON A CREDITOR
- CALCULATION OF ZAKAAT ON MERCHANDISE
- DECREASE IN WEALTH BY THE END OF THE ISLAMIC YEAR
Qurbani and Aqeeqah
- Qurbani meaning and Masaa’il
- The Importance of Qurbani
- Warning for those who ignore Qurbani
- On whom is Qurbani Waajib
- The time for Qurbani
- Conditions for the Qurbani animal
- Animals that cannot be used for Qurbani
- The Qurbani meat and skin of the animal
- Zabah (Slaughter) of the Qurbani Animal
- The Takbeeraat of Tashriq
- Sunnahs of Eidul Adha
- What is Aqeeqah?
- Sadaqatul-Fitr: On whom is Sadaqatul-Fitr Waajib
- When does Sadaqatul Fitr become Waajib
- Time for discahrging Sadaqatul-Fitr
- Rate (Amount) of Sadaqatul-Fitr
- The recipients of Sadaqatul-Fitr
Haj and Umrah
- The Virtues and Importance of Haj
- Upon whom is Haj Farz
- Masaa’il regarding the Mahram
- Other Masaa’il
- Three types of Haj
- Procedure of Haj
- Map Symbols in Saudi Arabia
- Introduction to Umrah
- The Faraaiz of Umrah
- The Waajibaat of Umrah
- The procedure of Umrah
- The detailed lesson of Umrah(Ihraam)
- Two Rak’aats Sunnat of Ihraam
- Niyyat and Talbiyah
- What to abstain from when in Ihraam
- Things permitted in Ihraam
- When entering Makkah Mukarramah
- The Tawaaf
- Two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah after Tawaaf
- Proceed to the Multazam and Zam Zam well
- Sa’ee between Safa and Marwa
- Two Rak’aats Nafl Salaah
- Trimming or Shaving of the head
- Visiting Madinah Munawwara
- Virtues of Madinah
- Before entering Madinah
- In Madinah
- Whilst in Madinah
- Before leaving Madinah
- When entering al-Masjid-un-Nabawi(The Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) Masjid)
- Rawdah (Garden of Paradise)
- The Chamber of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
- Mimbar (Pulpit) of The Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
12th Edition. 2009
Ensure the clothes are Paak (pure) and make Wudhu. Stand respectfully on a Paak place facing the Qiblah. Keep feet parallel about four fingers apart with toes pointing towards the Qiblah and submit totally to Allah.
- No garment, jubba or trousers should be allowed to overlap the ankles.
- It is Makrooh-e-Tahreeme to perform Namaaz whilst any garment is overlapping the ankles.
- This means that the Fardh (obligation) of Namaaz will be considered as fulfilled but there is very little Sawaab (reward) and benefit in such a Namaaz.
Women also perform their Salaat in the same way, except for a few differences.
Whilst these differences are mentioned in this How to, the following link “List of Differences for Female in Namaaz” highlights the specific differences.
Step 1: Niyyah
- Make Niyyah (intention) of the Namaaz one wishes to perform, e.g. “I am performing 2 Rakaat Fardh Namaaz of Fajr (to please Allah) facing towards the Qiblah”.
- When performing Namaaz led by an Imaam (leader), one should also make intention: “I am following this Imaam”.
- It is not necessary to make a verbal intention but it is better if one makes a verbal intention. Niyyat can be made in any language: Arabic, Urdu, English, Gujrati, etc.
Step 2: Takbeer-e-Tahreemah (To say “Allahu-Akbar at the beginning)
- After making Niyyah, lift both hands upto the ear lobes in such a manner that both palms face towards the Qiblah.
- Then say Allaahu Akbar and fold them below the navel.
- Place the hands in such a way that the palm of the right hand is placed over the back of the left hand, with the right thumb and little finger gripping the wrist of the left hand and the three middle fingers of the right hand kept straight and together (on the back of the left hand).
- While in Qiyaam (standing posture) the eyes should be fixed to the spot where the forehead will be placed in Sajdah.
Step 3: Read Thana:
Step 4: Then read TA’Awwuz
Step 5: Read Tasmiyyah
Step 6: Read Surah Fatihah
- Here is a link to Surah Fatihah
- And after the end [Wa Lad-dhaaleen] say Aameen softly.
Step 7: Recite “Bismillahi r-Rahmani r-Rahim again and any Surah thereafter
- It is necessary to that a minimum of 3 short Ayahs or one long Ayah be read in proper sequence as in the Quraan.
- Click Here for some short Surahs from the Quraan.
Step 8: go into Rukoo (bend position):
Say ‘Allahu- Akbar’ and go into the Rukoo position
- In Ruku hold both the knees with the fingers apart.
- Ensure that the arms do not touch the body.
- Keep the back straight, while the head should neither be lowered nor raised.
- When making Rukoo a Woman should only bend over sufficiently so that her hands reach her knees.
- The hands should be placed on the knees, with the fingers kept together.
- In Rukoo the elbows should touch the sides of the body and the feet kept together.
Once the body (man or woman) is in the Rukoo position:
- In Ruku recite softly at least 3 to 5 times.
Step 9: Return to a standing position, whilst reciting:
Step 10: In the standing position with hands on the side, now recite:
Please note: If one does NOT stand erect after Ruku and merely lifts ones head and goes into Sajdah the Namaaz will not be valid and it will be necessary to repeat the Namaaz.
Step 11: Now go into the first Sajdah (prostration) in the following manner:
- Now saying ALLAHU AKBAR and placing both hands on the knees go into Sajdah. (On completing the Takbeer one should have reached the position of Sajdah).
- When going into Sajdah first place the
- KNEES on the ground,
- then the HANDS,
- then the NOSE and
- then the FOREHEAD
- The FACE should rest between the two HANDS with FINGERS pointing towards the Qibla.
- When in Sajdah the FEET should be upright with the TOES pointing towards the Qibla.
- The ARMS should not touch the sides of the BODY nor the ground.
- The STOMACH should be away from the THIGHS.
- In Sajdah the upper part of the leg (the thigh) should not be upright but in as flat as a position as possible, with the feet spread towards the right.
- While in Sajdah the stomach and thighs must be kept together.
- The forearms should be put flat on the ground in Sajdah.
- Women must not raise their voice when reciting Tasbeeh (in the next step).
Step 12: In Sajdah recite:
In Sajdah recite softly at least 3 to 5 times the following:
Note: If there is no valid reason for the forehead to be kept off the ground, the Sajdah will not be valid. When in Sajdah the feet should not be lifted from the ground. If they are lifted for duration more than three “SUBHANALLAH” the Namaaz will be void.
Step 13: Jalsah (sitting between Sajdahs)
Say Allahu-Akbar and move into the Jalsah position from Sajdah
Sit up straight, do not sit with the back crooked or stooped. It is important to sit up and pause after the first Sajdah.
Note: Merely lifting the head from the ground without sitting up before the second Sajdah will nullify the Namaaz.
Step 14: Make the Second Sajdah:
The second Sajdah is performed as the first one, i.e. going into Sajdah saying ALLAHU-AKBAR and reading SUBHANA RABBIYAL AA’LAA softly at least three times.
One Rak’ah is now complete.
Step 15: Stand up and complete the second Rakaat
- Whilst saying ALLAHU AKBAR stand up for the second Qiyaam.
- When getting up from the Sajdah, first lift:
- the FOREHEAD
- then the NOSE and
- then the KNEES.
Note: Ensure that the HANDS are on the KNEES and not on the ground for support, except for a valid reason. Saying
Now as per the first Rakaat recite:
- Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
- Then recite Surah Fatihah
- Then Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem (again)
- then recite another Surah
- and go down for Rukoo (remember to recite what is required)
- then back to standing (remember to recite what is required)
- then down for the 2 Sajdah’s (remember to recite what is required).
Step 16: after the Second Sajdah sit up into the Qaidah position:
The method of sitting is placing the LEFT FOOT flat on the ground and sitting on it, with the RIGHT FOOT upright and its TOES facing towards the Qibla. The HANDS must be placed on the THIGHS with the tips of the FINGERS near the KNEES. It is important that the fingers are kept close together and that they face the Qibla and not towards the ground. The EYES should be fixed on the LAP.
Step 17: then read the TASHAHHUD:
At-tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was’salawatu wat-tay’yibatu As-Sallamu ‘alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu warahma tullahi wa barakatuhu. As-Sallamu ‘alayna wa’ala ‘ibadil-la his-saliheen. “Ash hadu anla ilâha Illal lahu wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan’ab-duhu wa rasuluh.
(All reverence, all worship, all sanctity are due to Allah, Peace be upon you O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and all the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that none is worthy of worship besides Allah and Muhammad (S.A.W.) is His servant and Messenger.)
On reaching the Tashhahud form a circle with the thumb and middle finger and lift the index finger of the right hand and at ILLALLAHU drop it onto the thigh.The circle should be maintained to the end.
Step 18: THIRD AND FOURTH RAK’AHS
If one wishes to perform four Rak’aats one should not read anything more than the TASHAHHUD, but saying ALLAHU AKBAR stand up and perform the remaining two Rak’aats. No other Surah should be read after SURATUL FATIHA in the THIRD and FOURTH Rak’aats of any FARZ Salaah, but it is
WAAJIB to do so in any SUNNAT or NAFL Salaah.
Step 19: SECOND QAIDAH
In the second Qaida after the Tashahhud read DUROODE IBRAHIM:
Allah humma sal-li ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin, Kama sal-layta ‘ala Ibraheema Wa ‘ala aali Ibraheema innaka hameedum majeed.
Allah humma barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin, Kama barakta ‘ala Ibraheema Wa ‘ala aali IbraheemaInnaka hameedum majeed.
O Allah! Shower Your mercy upon Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.) as You showered Your mercy upon Ebrahim (A.S.) and the followers of Ebrahim (a.s.). Behold You are praiseworthy, glorious. O Allah! Shower Your blessings upon Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the followers Muhammad (S.A.W.), as You showered Your blessing. upon Ebrahim (a.s.) and the followers of Ebrahim (a.s.) Behold, You are praiseworthy, glorious.
Step 20: THE DU’AS AFTER DUROOD
After the Durood recite this Du’aa:
Allah humma innee zalamtu nafsee Zulman Katheeran, wala yaghfi ruz zunuba
illa anta faghfirlee maghfiratam min ‘indika, war hamnee innaka antal ghafurur raheem.
O! Allah. I have been extremely unjust to myself, and none grants forgiveness against sins but You; therefore, forgive me, will forgiveness that comes from You, and have Mercy upon me. Verily You are the Forgiving, the Merciful.
Step 21: SALAAM(Completion of Salaah)
As-Sallamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah
(Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.)
Then turn the face to the left, and repeat the Salaam.
As-Sallamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah
(Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.)
When making Salaam one should make intention of greeting the Angels.
When making Salaam the eyes should be fixed onto the respective shoulders.
You have now completed SALAAH.