Mimbar (Pulpit) of The Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
It is on the same place as the current Mimbar where the Jumu`ah and Eid Khutbahs (sermons) are performed.
The Suffah (platform/area or the area in the shade of a building) is an area where many of the Sahaabah were taught by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Many people assume that the raised platform near Bab al-Jibril is the Suffah. According to researchers, this could not have been possible, as their research points to the Suffah being in line with the Masjid. The raised platform is not at such a position. These researchers claim that the raised area was in actual fact placed there by the Turks as a place where guards would gather and keep watch. Allah alone knows best.
- Ustuwanah Hannanah (The weeping pillar): It was on this spot that once a palm tree used to grow. Prior to the building of the Mimbar, Rasulullah(SAW)used to lean on it while delivering the khutbah. When the mimbar was made, Rasulullah(SAW) used that instead during the khutbah. It so happened when the change took place, such a piercing sound of weeping came from the tree, that those in the Masjid also started weeping. Rasulullah(SAW) went to the tree and by placing his hand on it, its crying stopped. Rasulullah(SAW) then said: “The tree cries because the Zikr of Allah I was near it, and now that the Mimbar is built, it has been deprived of this Zikr in its immediate vicinity. If I did not place my hand on it, it would have continued to cry till the Day of Qiyamah.” This pillar is adjacent to what was Rasulullah’s place of Salah.
- Ustuwanah `A’ishah / Qur`ah:`A’ishah ((P.B.U.H.).A.) reports that Rasulullah (P.B.U.H.) said: “In this Masjid is one such spot that if people knew the true blessed nature thereof, they would flock towards it in such a manner, that to pray there they would have to cast lots to get a turn (Arabic for casting lots is Qur`ah).” People asked her to point out the exact spot. When she did not answer they sent her nephew `Abdullah ibn
Zubayr. They watched him as he performed Salaah at the same spot. They also watched his son `Amir also perform Salaah at that spot. It was on this that they marked this spot as being the one `A’ishah had mentioned.(at-Tabarani)
- Ustuwanah Tawbah / Abu Lubabah: Abu Lubabah was more furious with the Banu Qurayzah than others, when they went against their pledge with the Muslims, as he had trusted them the most. When they were defeated and taken captive he told them that they were to be killed by making a sign across his throat. After having done that, he became so grieved at this premature indiscretion that he could not rest. He thereupon came to the Masjid and at this spot where a date-tree used to stand, he bound himself to the trunk saying: “As long as my repentance is not accepted by Allah, I shall not untie myself from here. And Rasulullah(SAW) himself must undo my bonds.” When Rasulullah(SAW) heard this he said: “If he had come to me I could have begged forgiveness on his behalf. Now he had acted on his own initiative, I cannot untie him until his repentance has been accepted.” For many days he remained tied there. His wife and daughter used to untie him for Salaah or for when he had to answer the call of nature, and thereafter tie him up again. He remained without food and drink for so long as a result of which his sight and hearing were affected. In this state after many days Rasulullah(SAW) was in Tahajjud prayer in the house of Umm Salamah, when he received the good news that Abu Lubabah’s repentance had been accepted.(al-Bayhaqi and others)
- Ustuwanah Sarir: It is reported that Rasulullah(SAW) used to make I`tikaaf here, and also sleep here whilst in I`tikaaf. There are also narrations that suggest he would lean on Ustuwanah Tawbah whilst in I`tikaaf.(Ibn Khuzaymah)
- Ustuwanah Hars/`Ali: Hars means to watch, protect or safeguard. This was next to where the door to the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) room used to be and is thus the place where, according to scholars, some of the Sahaabah used to sit when attending to the security of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) at night. `Ali used to be the one who mostly acted as such, for which it is often called Ustuwanah `Ali.
- Ustuwanah Wufud: Wufud means caravans or delegations. Scholars tell us that when tribal leaders or their representatives used to arrive wanting to meet Rasulullah(SAW) on behalf of their tribes, they were attended to at this spot. It was also here that the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) used to teach Deen to them.
- Ustuwanah Tahajjud: It has been noted that Rasulullah(SAW) used to perform Tahajjud prayer at this spot and make excessive Du’a.
- Ustuwanah Jibril: This has been marked as the place where Jibril used to visit Rasulullah(SAW). Today it cannot be seen as it lies inside the chamber of Rasulullah (SAW). It is worth remembering that the entire area of the Masjid was walked and dwelled upon by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and his companions and is thus significant and of historical value to Muslims.
- Du’a for leaving the Masjid:
- Jannah al-Baqi` (or Baqi` al-Gharqad):This is the Graveyard of Madinah where rest many of the illustrious companions of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Du’a at Baqi`:
Make du’a for it’s inhabitants and pray for their forgiveness, as this was the practice of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Many buried here are those whom Allah had used to propagate His Deen. Through their efforts we have directly benefitted.(al-Hakim)
- Badr: The town of Badr is 12km to the south of Madinah. It is the place where in the second year of Hijrah a small army of very ill equipped Muslims (313 in total) defeated the Pagan Arabs who had an army over three times the size and several times better equipped than their own.
- Mount Uhud: Regarding the mountain of Uhud, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) has stated, “Uhud is a mountain that loves us, and we love it.”(Ibn Majah)
There one should visit the graves of the martyrs of Uhud. The most well-known of whom is the uncle of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.),Hamzah (R.A.).(Ahmad)
- Masjid Quba / Taqwa: This was the first Masjid built by the Muslims. It is situated in a village called Quba on the outskirts of Madinah, therefore a taxi will be needed to get there. Before going one should make sure one is in a state of purity. It is Sunnah to visit on Saturday and perform two rak`ahs in the Masjid. In a Hadith it is mentioned that the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) used to visit Masjid Quba every Saturday.(al-Bukhari)
It has also been mentioned that the Messenger (P.B.U.H.) has said, ‘Whoever purifies him (or her) self at home and then goes to Masjid Quba and performs Salaah, for him is a reward likened to that of `Umrah.’(Ibn Majah)
- Masjid Jumu`ah: It was here that the first Friday Salaah was performed by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Near this Masjid was the home of our Nabi’s(SAW) mother’s family.
- Masjid Qiblatain: Here, during a Salaah which the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was performing, the direction of Qiblah changed from Masjid al-Aqsa to the Ka`bah. Nabi (P.B.U.H.) changed his direction and those standing behind him also changed their direction.
- Masjid Ahzab: In this area there were seven Masajid. It was here that the defensive trench was dug by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and the Sahaabah, in the 5th year of Hijrah, to hold out against the enemies. This was known as the “Battle of the Trench”.
- Masjid Miqat: This is the Miqat for those going from Madinah to Makkah. This Masjid is also called Masjid ash-Shajarah(The Masjid of the Tree) because it is built at the place where the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) rested underneath a tree when going to Makkah. This Masjid is most commonly known as Masjid Zul-Hulayfah because it is situated in that area.
Du’a at the graves of Uhud: