Trimming or Shaving of the head
Great care must be taken regarding this Mas’alah, for at times some hair remain shorter than the other.
- After the Sa’ee, in order to release the Ihraam, it is Waajib to shave or trim the hair of the entire head to length of, the first joint of the fore finger. The hair should be trimmed more, the shorter hair will also be trimmed as much as the length of a fore finger. It is Waajib for a bald person or a person who has wounds on his head to simply pass the razor over the head.
- The females will not shave their heads. According to Shariah it is unlawful and Haraam for them to do so. In order to release herself from the Ihraam, a woman is only permitted to have her hair trimmed. The best method is that her hair be divided into three parts, keeping one section on back. Thereafter hold each section separately and trim as much as the first joint of the fore finger (a little more than an inch) from each section. The women folk must have their hair trimmed in privacy, and not on the streets, or the hairdresser. A non-Mahram is not permitted to trim, touch or even look at their hair. A Mahram who is no longer a Muhrim could do the trimming for her. She cannot trim her own hair to release herself from the Ihraam.
- The shaving or trimming of the hair is the last of the actions of Umrah. All the restrictions imposed because of the Ihraam, will now be lifted. The Umrah is now complete. (Allah knows best ).
Two Rak’aats Nafl Salaah
Perform two Rak’aats Nafl Salaah on the boundary of the Mataaf (the area where Tawaaf is performed). If these two Rak’aats are omitted, there will be no harm. After completing the Salaah, or the seven Shawts, it becomes Waajib to shave or trim the hair of the head (i.e. if one wishes to remove his Ihraam).
Sa’ee between Safa and Marwa
- After drinking Zam-Zam, one should return to the Hajare Aswad and make Istilaam. This Istilaam is Mustahab. While making Istilaam, say:
(Allah is great, there is no diety besides Allah).
- After this, proceed to Safa, (preferably through Babus Safa). On reaching Safa, climb onto the rock and facing the Ka’ba, say the Niyyat, (which is Sunnat):
(O Allah, I intend performing Sa’ee between and Safa and Marwa, seven circuits for Allah, therefore, make it easy for me, and accept it from me).
- After the Niyyat, raise the hands parallel to the shoulders, the palms facing the heavens (as they are raised during Du’a), and thereafter say the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahleel (La ilaha Illallah), aloud and Durood Shareef silently.
After that say:
- Make a lot of Du’as here also, for this is a place where Du’as are accepted as well. After the Du’as, commence the Sa’ee (seven rounds between Safa and Marwa ) by moving towards Marwa in the right lane. Walk at normal pace and engage in Du’a and Zikr. Also recite the following Du’a repeatedly:
Sa’ee between Safa and Marwa
After drinking Zam-Zam one should return to the Hajare Aswad and make Istilaam. While making Istilaam, one should recite:
Proceed to the Multazam and Zam Zam well
- One should now proceed to the Multazam, (the area between the elevated door (of the Ka’ba and the Hajare Aswad). Embrace this place by stretching both the hands above the head and clinging to the wall of the Ka’ba. One should make abundant Du’a as this is also a place for acceptance of Du’as. Shed as many tears as possible and make Du’a most humbly and sincerely. It should be remembered that, in the process, one should avoid disturbing, hurting or pushing anyone.
- After the Du’a one should to to the well of Zam-Zam and drink as much water as is possible. When drinking Zam-Zam: stand facing the Holy Ka’ba. Recite Bismillah and drink with the right hand. Recite the following Du’a after drinking Zam-Zam:
- Make a lot of Du’as at the well and also after drinking Zam-Zam. This is a place and time when Du’as are accepted.
Two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah after Tawaaf
After completing the Tawaaf, perform two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah, behind Maqaame Ibrahim. If this is difficult, one may perform it at any other place ( in the Masjide Haraam), preferably close to the Ka’ba.
- These two Rak’aats should not be performed during the forbidden and Makrooh times, (i.e. at sunrise, Zawaal, sunset or after Asr Salaah). For a Tawaaf performed after Asr, the two Waajib Rak’aats will be performed immediately after the Farz of the Maghrib Salaah, and not after the Sunnat of the Maghrib Salaah.
- It is Mustahab to recite Surah Kaafiroon in the first Rak’ah and Surah Ikhlaas in the second Rak’ah.
- Remember: The two Rak’aats Waajib have to be performed for every complete Tawaaf(i.e seven circuits).
In the first three circuits of Tawaaf it is Sunnat to make Ramal (for men only).
- Ramal means to walk hastily, take shorter steps, lifting the legs forcefully, keeping the chest out and moving the shoulders simultaneously.
- One should walk normally in the four remaining circuits.
- Commence the Tawaaf by moving towards the door of the Ka’ba (counter-clockwise). Move around the Ka’ba and the Hateem. It is Mustahab to place the right palm or both the palm or both the palms on the Rukne Yamaanee during every round. And recite this Du’a:
“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa ‘adhaaban naar.”
(Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!)
Besides this, any other Du’a can be recited. Making Zikr and reciting the Holy Qur’aan are also permissible. (Women should not raise their voices whilst making Du’a.)
Istilaam is to place both hands on the Hajare Aswad and to kiss it gently thrice, between the two palms. (Be careful not to harass, push or hurt, anyone in the process.) Hands should not be placed on the silver ring when kissing the Hajare Aswad.
- If Istilaam is not possible, merely place the hands on the Hajare Aswad. If this is also not possible, then one should stand diametrically opposite the Hajare Aswad and stretch both the hands, with the palms facing the Hajare Aswad, (as if one were placing them on it ). Thereafter, kiss the hands and commence the Tawaaf. If this is also not possible, then merely say the Takbeer when raising the hands to the ears and commence the Tawaaf.
- It is Sunnat to make Istilaam of the Hajare Aswad in all seven circuits. Istilaam is Sunnat Mu’akkadah (emphasised Sunnah).
After Idtibaa face the Ka’ba in a manner that the entire Hajare Aswad remains on your right and the left shoulder towards Rukne Yamaanee.
- Stand as close as possible to the Hajare Aswad.
- Now say the Niyyat, which is Waajib.
The Niyyat is as follows:
(O Allah, I intend performing Tawaaf around Your sacred house, seven circuits for Allah, who is Mighty and Dignified, hence render it easy for me and accept from me.)
Then move sideways to your right, towards the Hajare Aswad (with the face and chest towards the Ka’ba until in line with (squarely opposite) the Hajare Aswad. This is Mustahab. If this is difficult, say the Niyyat while standing in the line with the Hajare Aswad (diametrically opposite).
When squarely opposite the Hajare Aswad, raise both the hands to the ears (as one does when beginning Salaah). Say this while raising the hands:
After lowering the hands, make Istilaam of the Hajare Aswad. A Mu’tamir (one performing Umrah) will discontinue with the Talbiyah after the first Istilaam.
Before commencing the Tawaaf, make Idtibaa, i.e. the covering of the body in a manner that the left shoulder, left arm and back are covered and the right arm entirely exposed. Discontinue with the Idtibaa after the Tawaaf has been completed. The two Rak’aat Waajib Salaah should NOT be performed with the arm exposed (i.e. with Idtibaa).