Upon entry into the blessed city of Madinah, one should quickly attend to necessary arrangements, get freshened up (perform Ghusl) and try to reach the Masjid without delay. Thereafter, one should wear one’s best Islamic clothes. Men should also apply `Itr. If possible one should at this point donate something in charity. In short, one should try to adopt as many Sunan one can before proceeding. One should intend to continue to adopt these Sunan even after departure.
Before entering Madinah
While travelling to Madinah, one should read Salawat and make as much Du’a as possible. One should take care that one does not neglect any Sunnat or even Mustahab act. Even though such actions are understood to be of comparative insignificance whilst on travels, they should be adopted with added zeal, as one is going to the place where the one who loved these actions, for himself and for his followers, rests (P.B.U.H.).
One should be full of zeal and enthusiasm. If this is not the case then one should read of the sacrifices of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) for his Ummah and for the things that have been promised to us if we love and follow him. One should also increase the salutations that one sends upon him to try and achieve this effect.
Visiting Madinah Munawwara
The Prophet (PBUH) has said:
“One prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in any other mosque excepting Al-Masjid Al-Haram.” (Bukhari)
Trimming or Shaving of the head
Great care must be taken regarding this Mas’alah, for at times some hair remain shorter than the other.
- After the Sa’ee, in order to release the Ihraam, it is Waajib to shave or trim the hair of the entire head to length of, the first joint of the fore finger. The hair should be trimmed more, the shorter hair will also be trimmed as much as the length of a fore finger. It is Waajib for a bald person or a person who has wounds on his head to simply pass the razor over the head.
- The females will not shave their heads. According to Shariah it is unlawful and Haraam for them to do so. In order to release herself from the Ihraam, a woman is only permitted to have her hair trimmed. The best method is that her hair be divided into three parts, keeping one section on back. Thereafter hold each section separately and trim as much as the first joint of the fore finger (a little more than an inch) from each section. The women folk must have their hair trimmed in privacy, and not on the streets, or the hairdresser. A non-Mahram is not permitted to trim, touch or even look at their hair. A Mahram who is no longer a Muhrim could do the trimming for her. She cannot trim her own hair to release herself from the Ihraam.
- The shaving or trimming of the hair is the last of the actions of Umrah. All the restrictions imposed because of the Ihraam, will now be lifted. The Umrah is now complete. (Allah knows best ).
Two Rak’aats Nafl Salaah
Perform two Rak’aats Nafl Salaah on the boundary of the Mataaf (the area where Tawaaf is performed). If these two Rak’aats are omitted, there will be no harm. After completing the Salaah, or the seven Shawts, it becomes Waajib to shave or trim the hair of the head (i.e. if one wishes to remove his Ihraam).
Sa’ee between Safa and Marwa
- After drinking Zam-Zam, one should return to the Hajare Aswad and make Istilaam. This Istilaam is Mustahab. While making Istilaam, say:
(Allah is great, there is no diety besides Allah).
- After this, proceed to Safa, (preferably through Babus Safa). On reaching Safa, climb onto the rock and facing the Ka’ba, say the Niyyat, (which is Sunnat):
(O Allah, I intend performing Sa’ee between and Safa and Marwa, seven circuits for Allah, therefore, make it easy for me, and accept it from me).
- After the Niyyat, raise the hands parallel to the shoulders, the palms facing the heavens (as they are raised during Du’a), and thereafter say the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and Tahleel (La ilaha Illallah), aloud and Durood Shareef silently.
After that say:
- Make a lot of Du’as here also, for this is a place where Du’as are accepted as well. After the Du’as, commence the Sa’ee (seven rounds between Safa and Marwa ) by moving towards Marwa in the right lane. Walk at normal pace and engage in Du’a and Zikr. Also recite the following Du’a repeatedly:
Sa’ee between Safa and Marwa
After drinking Zam-Zam one should return to the Hajare Aswad and make Istilaam. While making Istilaam, one should recite:
Proceed to the Multazam and Zam Zam well
- One should now proceed to the Multazam, (the area between the elevated door (of the Ka’ba and the Hajare Aswad). Embrace this place by stretching both the hands above the head and clinging to the wall of the Ka’ba. One should make abundant Du’a as this is also a place for acceptance of Du’as. Shed as many tears as possible and make Du’a most humbly and sincerely. It should be remembered that, in the process, one should avoid disturbing, hurting or pushing anyone.
- After the Du’a one should to to the well of Zam-Zam and drink as much water as is possible. When drinking Zam-Zam: stand facing the Holy Ka’ba. Recite Bismillah and drink with the right hand. Recite the following Du’a after drinking Zam-Zam:
- Make a lot of Du’as at the well and also after drinking Zam-Zam. This is a place and time when Du’as are accepted.
Two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah after Tawaaf
After completing the Tawaaf, perform two Rak’aats Waajib Salaah, behind Maqaame Ibrahim. If this is difficult, one may perform it at any other place ( in the Masjide Haraam), preferably close to the Ka’ba.
- These two Rak’aats should not be performed during the forbidden and Makrooh times, (i.e. at sunrise, Zawaal, sunset or after Asr Salaah). For a Tawaaf performed after Asr, the two Waajib Rak’aats will be performed immediately after the Farz of the Maghrib Salaah, and not after the Sunnat of the Maghrib Salaah.
- It is Mustahab to recite Surah Kaafiroon in the first Rak’ah and Surah Ikhlaas in the second Rak’ah.
- Remember: The two Rak’aats Waajib have to be performed for every complete Tawaaf(i.e seven circuits).