Masaa-il (rules) pertaining to Wudhu

  1. If blood or pus does not move from the place of the wound or sore, Wudhu will not break. Wudhu will only break if the impurity flows out of the wound or sore.
  2. If clots of blood come out of the nose while blowing it, Wudhu will not break. Wudhu will only break if the blood is in the fluid state.
  3. If a pimple has to burst in the eye, then the Wudhu will only break if the fluid (that comes out of the pimple) flows out of the eye.
  4. If the blood in the saliva is more than the saliva, Wudhu will break. Therefore if one’s saliva is reddish because of blood, Wudhu will break.
  5. Blood appearing on a toothpick will not break Wudhu, if the effect of the blood cannot be seen in the saliva.
  6. Fluid from a paining ear will break the Wudhu, even if there is no sore or pimple in the ear.
  7. Water which flows from the eyes because of the eyes paining, will break the Wudhu.
  8. If males fall asleep in the position of Sajdah, but do not topple over, Wudhu is not broken. However, if females fall asleep in the position of Sajdah, Wudhu will break.
  9. A doubt will not break Wudhu. One remembers that Wudhu was made, but cannot remember if the Wudhu was broken. In such a case of doubt the Wudhu will be considered valid.
  10. During Wudhu one doubts whether a certain part was washed or not. In this case that particular part should be washed. However, if such doubt occurs after the completion of Wudhu, then the Wudhu will be complete. No notice should be taken of the doubt.
  11. After Wudhu if one remembers well that a certain part was not washed or Masah of the head was not made, then that part should be washed only or Masah should be made. There is no need to repeat the whole Wudhu.
  12. It is not permissible to touch the Quran Sharif and tray, plate, etc. on which a verse of the Quran Sharif is written or engraved, without Wudhu.
  13. It is Mustahab (preferable) to make Wudhu for each Salaat even though one may be in the state of WudhuIt is Mustahab only if at least two Rak’aats Salaat have been performed with the previous Wudhu. Thus if
    one did not perform any Salaat, it will not be permissible to perform fresh Wudhu before that Wudhu has been either broken or at least two Rak’aats Salaat have been performed.
  14. If the four parts (that are Farz to be washed in Wudhu) become soaked in the rain or have been washed by swimming or taking a bath, etc. then Wudhu will be valid even if one had no intention of Wudhu.
  15. While making Wudhu one should take care not to strike the water against the face causing it to splash. To do so is Makruh (disliked).
  16. While making Wudhu the eyes should not be closed so tightly that the water is prevented from. Moistening the eyelashes or blocking the entry of water into the eye wells. To do so is Makruh-Tahrimi (close to forbidden). If even one eyelash remains dry or water has not entered the eye wells, the Wudhu will be incomplete.
  17. The mouth should not be closed tightly while making Wudhu. To do so is Makruh-Tahrimi. If any part of the lips remains dry, the Wudhu will be incomplete.
  18. Wudhu will not be valid if any substance which does not allow water to seep through, sticks on any one of the four parts that are Farz. to be washed in Wudhu, e.g.. gum, paint, cutex (fingernail paint), etc. If one realizes after Wudhu that some gum or cutex has covered the fingernail (for example), then the Wudhu will only be valid if the gum or cutex is removed and the fingernail washed. There is no need to renew the Wudhu.
  19. If removal of the ointment from a sore or wound is harmful then it will not be necessary to remove it. If pouring water over the affected part is also harmful than merely make Masah of the affected part.
  20. If the wound or sore is bandaged and one will experience difficulty in opening and tying the bandage for Masah purpose, or Masah on the affected part will be harmful, then Masah should be made over the bandage.
  21. If this difficulty does not exist, then it will be necessary to open the bandage, plaster, etc., and make Masah on the affected part.
  22. It is best to make Masah over the whole of the upper surface of the bandage, etc. It is Wajib to make Masah of more than half the bandage, etc. If only half or less than half the bandage was covered by Masah, the Wudhu will not be valid.
  23. After making Masah if the bandage, plaster, etc., comes loose and it is realized that the affected part has healed, then the Mash made will not be valid. It will now be necessary to wash the particular part. It is not necessary to renew the Wudhu.
  24. If the beard is thick then it is not Farz for the water to reach the skin under it during Wudhu. If the beard grows sparsely so that the skin under it can be seen, then it is Farz for the water to reach the skin as well.
  25. Liquid that comes out of the eye while yawning, does not break Wudhu.
  26. Fingernails should be kept short. Dirt accumulates under long fingernails. Wudhu and Ghusl will not be valid if the dirt is of such a nature that it does not allow water to seep through. It is also against Islamic hygiene and Taharat rules to keep long fingernails and to allow dirt to accumulate under them.

Nawaqis in Wudhu

Please note: 8 things nullify (break) the Wudhu. They are called Nawaqis (breakers of) Wudhu.

There are 8 Nawaqis in Wudhu:

  1. Discharging of Urine, Stool or the excretion of anything from the private parts of the body.
  2. Discharging of gas or passing wind.
  3. Vomiting as a mouthful.
  4. To fall asleep lying down or by resting the body against something.
  5. To faint due to some illness or any other reason.
  6. Becoming insane or going mad.
  7. Laughing aloud whilst in Namaaz.
  8. Flowing of blood or matter from any part of the body.

Mustahab in Wudhu

Please note: Carrying out a Mustahab (preferable) act brings sawaab or reward but no sin if left out.

There are 5 Mustahab acts in Wudhu:

  1. To begin from the right.
  2. To make Masah of the nape.
  3. Not to take assistance from anyone.
  4. To face the Qibla
  5. To sit on a high and clean place

Sunnats of Wudhu

Please note: If a Sunnat is left out, the Wudhu is complete but the full sawaab of Wudhu is not gained.

There are 13 Sunnats in Wudhu:

  1. Niyyat (intention).
  2. Reciting Bismillah.
  3. Washing the Hands 3 times up to the wrists.
  4. Brushing the teeth with Miswaak.
  5. Gargling 3 times.
  6. Passing water into the nostrils 3 times.
  7. Khilaal i.e. to pass wet fingers through the beard.
  8. Khilaal of the fingers and toes.
  9. Washing of each part 3 times.
  10. Masah of the whole head once.
  11. Masah of both the ears once.
  12. Wudhu done systematically, each element in order.
  13. Washing of each part one after the other without pause, so no part dries up before the Wudhu is completed.

Farz of Wudhu

Please Note: Farz (or spelled Fardh) are obligatory acts. If a Farz is left out Wudhu is incomplete.

There are 4 Farz in Wudhu:

  1. Washing the face from the forehead to the lower portion of the chin and from one ear lobe to the other.
  2. Washing of both the arms including the elbows twice.
  3. Doing Masah of a quarter of the head once.
  4. Washing of both the feet including the ankles once.

If any of the Farz are left out or a hairs – Breadth place is left dry the Wudhu will be incomplete.

How to make Wudhu: Full Explanation

Permissible water:

Understand the type of water that you are using is permissible for Wudhu, further information regarding this can be found here.

Niyyat (Intention):

  • It is Sunnat to make the Niyyat for wudhu.
  • For Wudhu one should make the Niyyat at heart that he is performing Wudhu to get rid of Hadas-e-Asgar.
  • Hadas-e-Asgar: Means the need of Wudhu.

Practical demonstration:

Du’a before commencing Wudhu:

from Taleemul Haq

Du’a before commencing Wudhu

1. To wash one’s hands,face and feet, etc. before performing Namaaz is called Wudhu or Ablution. No Namaaz/Salaah is accepted without Wudhu.
2. One should sit on a high and clean place to perform Wudhu. Face the direction towards the Holy Ka’ba Sharif if possible.
3. Using Taahir (clean) water first was both the hands up the wrists 3 times.

Person washing hands

Washing hands

4. Use a Miswaak (Wood-Stick toothbrush) to clean the teeth (if available). It is Sunnat to make Miswaak during Wudhu, using a Miswaak increases the reward of a Namaaz 70 times.

5. Gargle the mouth 3 times

Person Gargling their Mouth

Gargling Mouth

6. Thereafter take water up to the nostrils 3 times with the right hand and clean the nose with the left hand.

Person cleaning their Nose

Cleaning Nose

7. Then wash your face 3 times. Wash from the hairy part of the forehead to below the chin from one ear lobe to the other.

Person Washing Face

Washing the face

8. Then make Khilaal of the beard (pass wet fingers through the beard).

9. Thereafter wash the right hand including the elbows 3 times.

Washing right hand

Washing right hand

10. Then wash the Left hand including the elbows 3 times.

Washing left hand

Washing left hand

11. Then make Khilaal of the fingers (pass water through the fingers).

12. Thereafter wet the hands and pass them over the head, ears and nape once only. It is known as Masah.

Correct Procedure of Masah

Correct procedure for Masah



13. Now wash both feet including the ankles 3 times. First the right foot then the left foot.

Washing feet

Washing feet

  • Please note: Use left hand for Khilaal of toes and when washing feet
  • First was the right foot including the ankle and then make Khilaal of the toes
  • Beginning with the little toe on the right foot
  • then wash the left foot including the ankle and then intake Khilaal of the toes
  • Completing at the little toe of the left foot


Dua after completing Wudhu

Dua after completing Wudhu

Wudhu and Ghusl: Water that is allowed to be used

Wudhu and Ghusl is ALLOWED with the following water:

  1. Rain water
  2. Well water
  3. Spring, Sea or river water
  4. Water of melting snow or hail
  5. Water of a big tank or pond

Water left over after drinking by human beings, Halaal animals and Halaal birds (e.g. cows, goats and pigeons) is TAAHIR (clean)

Wudhu and Ghusl is not allowed with the following water:

  1. All Najis (unclean) or Napaak (filthy) water
  2. Water extracted from fruit and trees
  3. Water that has changed its color, taste and smell and becomes thick because something was soaked in it
  4. Small quantity of water in which something Najis (unclean) has fallen, e.g. Urine, Blood, stool, or wine or some animal had passed away after falling into it
  5. Used water of Wudhu or Ghusl
  6. Water left over after drinking Haraam (forbidden) animals, e.g. dogs, pigs or animals of prey.
  7. Water which a cat drinks immediately after eating a mouse is Najis (unclean).
  8. Water left by a person who has just drunk wine is Najis (unclean).

Please note: More information about rules around water can be found here.