Procedure of Haj

Procedure of Haj

HAJ1

  • Proceed to appropriate Meeqaat. On entering state of Ihraam recite – haj2
  • In fear of not completing the Umrah, recite – haj4
  • Standing, face the Qiblah and recite – haj5

“Allahumma haadhihi Umrah, laa riyaa’a feehaa wa laa sum’ah”

O Allah, there is neither showing off nor seeking repute in this Umrah.

  • Upon entering al-Masjidul-Haraam with the right foot, recite – haj6

“Allahumma salli `alaa muhammadin wa sallim –Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika”
O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad, O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me.

  • Make intention for the Tawaaf. Starting at al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone)1,men only – uncover right shoulder by placing Ihram underneath right arm-pit. When beginning each circuit, make a sign with your right hand towards al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone)2, and recite –

haj7

  • Make seven circuit’s of Ka’ba (for first three circuit’s only, men only – swiftly walk around the Ka’ba; Then begin fourth circuit, walking at normal pace completely around and finish until seventh circuit). No particular supplication (Du’a) is essential during Tawaaf. During each circuit, whilst between ar-Ruknul-Yamaanee (The Yemeni Corner) and The Black Stone, recite:

haj8

“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa ‘adhaaban naar.”
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!

  • Cover right shoulder, and then go behind Station of Ibrahim and recite-

haj9 haj10

“Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla.9H”
And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.

  • Pray two rakaah naafilah behind Station of Ibrahim, if possible, otherwise anywhere within al-Masjidul-Haraam. In first rakaah recite Surah al-Kaafiroon and in second rakaah, Surah al-Ikhlaas. Then drink Zam-Zam water, then pour some water over head. Return to al-Hajarul-Aswad and make a sign with your right hand towards it for the last time 2, and recite–

haj18

  • Begin Sa’ee at as-Safa. The Sa’ee Area is approximately 1/2 km (= 0.31 mile) each round. The total 7 rounds is less than 3.5 km (= 2.17 miles).
    At the foot of Safa recite:

اشت11

“Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha’aa’irillaahi faman hajjal baita ‘awi`tamara falaa junaaha ‘alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa’a khiran fa’innAllaha shaakirun ‘aleemun”.9 I
Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwah are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah of the House to perform the Tawaaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All- Recognizer, All-Knower.

  • Each time upon as-Safa and al-Marwah facing Ka’ba, recite 3 times, making du’a after 1st and 2nd recitation only –

haj11

“Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar – laa illaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah – lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu – yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer – laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah – anjaza wa’dahu wa nasara ‘ abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu.”
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He alone gives life and causes death, He is
Omnipotent over all things. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. He has fulfilled His promise, and helped His slave, and He alone has defeated the confederates.

  • Between the walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah and al-Marwah to as-Safa, It is permissible to recite –

haj12

  • Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah (one circuit), then al-Marwah to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwah. Upon encountering green lights, men only – should run from one light to other light. Upon leaving al-Masjidul-Haraam with the left foot, recite –

haj13

Men: shaving head is preferable, or cut hair equally from all over head;
Women: cut one-third finger length of hair. Remove Ihraam, as all restrictions are now lifted – and await morning of 8th of Zil-Hijjah.

8th day of Zil-Hijjah (Yawmut-Tarwiyah)

Between the time period of after Fajr until before Zhuhr, calmly proceed to Mina.

Wearing The Ihraam

  • Enter state of Ihraam. Make intention for Haj, reciting –

haj14

“Labbaik Allahumma bi-Hajj.”
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Hajj.

  • In fear of not completing the Haj, recite –

haj15

  • Standing, face the Qiblah and recite–

haj16

  • Then loudly recite the Talbiyah –

haj17

“Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk, Innal hamda
wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”

  • Stay in Mina. Pray Zhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib & ‘Ishaa in shortened form (Qasr) but not combined.

9th day of Zil-Hijjah (Yawmu ‘Arafah)

  • Stay in ‘Arafah– Pray Fajr in Mina, then after sunrise, calmly proceed to ‘Arafah. It is permissible to continue to recite the Talbiyah-

haj17

“Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk,
Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”

and also proclaim the Greatness of Allah by reciting –

haj18

  • Stopover at Namirah and remain there until after Zawaal (sun at highest point – no shadow) and listen to the Khutbah. At the time of Zhuhr, pray Zhuhr and ‘Asr (in shortened form and combined), after one Azaan and two Iqaamah’s. Do not pray anything between these two prayers, if in Namirah. Nor pray anything after ‘Asr. Then calmly proceed to ‘Arafah, remaining there until sunset. Stand upon the rocks at the bottom of the Mount of Mercy (Jabalur Rahmah); if not, then all of ‘Arafah is a standing place. Facing the Qiblah, with raised hands, supplicate and also recite the Talbiyah –

haj17

“Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk,
Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”

  • It is encouraged to frequently recite the following –

haj19“Laa ilaha illAllahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulk wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ‘alaa kulle shay’in qadeer.”

There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise, and He is Omnipotent over all things.

  • This is the best supplication to recite on this great day.
  • After sunset, calmly proceed to Muzdalifah:

Stay in Muzdalifah- Pray Maghrib and combine it with ‘Ishaa in shortened form, after one Azaan and two Iqaamah’s. Do not pray anything between these two prayers, nor pray anything after the Witr. Go to sleep until Fajr.

10th day of Zil-Hijjah (Yawmun-Nahr)

  • Pray Fajr at its earliest time. Calmly proceed to al-Mash’arul-Haraam, ascend upon it. If not possible, then all of Muzdalifah is a standing place.
    Facing Qiblah, praise Allah by reciting–

haj20

and proclaim the Greatness of Allah by reciting–

haj21

then proclaim the Oneness of Allah by reciting–

haj22

and finally, supplicate until the visibility of the yellow glow of the sun – before sunrise. Before sunrise, calmly proceed to Mina, reciting the Talbiyah –

haj17“Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk,
Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”

  • Stoning The Pillars – In Muzdalifah, pick up stones, between the time period of after sunrise until the night. Then, calmly proceed to Jamaratul-’Aqabah al-Kubraa for stoning. Facing Jamarah, with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting –

haj7

  • Performing The Sacrifice- 

haj23

  • Shave Head- After the sacrifice, for Men: shaving the head is preferable, or cutting hair equally from all over the head.
    For Women: cutting one-third finger length of their hair. Now they can remove Ihraam, as all restrictions are now lifted except marital relations.Calmly proceed to Makkah to perform Tawaaful-Ifaadhah.
  • Tawaaful-Ifaadhah(Tawaaful-Ziyaarat)- Upon entering al-Masjidul-Haraam with the right foot, recite –

haj24

“Allahumma salli `alaa Muhammadin wa sallim – Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika.”

No Ihraam required. Start at al-Hajarul-Aswad (Black Stone). When beginning each circuit, make a sign with your right hand towards al-Hajarul-Aswad, and recite- haj7

Walking at normal pace, make seven circuits of Ka’ba. During each circuit, whilst between Yemeni Corner (ar-Ruknul-Yamaanee) and the Black Stone (al-Hajarul-Aswad), recite – haj8

“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa
‘adhaaban naar.”
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter, that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!

Then go behind Station of Ibrahim and recite – haj9

“Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla.”

Pray two rakaah naafilah behind Station of Ibrahim, If possible, otherwise anywhere within al-Masjidul-Haraam. In first rakaah recite Surah al-Kaafiroon and in second rakaah, Surah al- Ikhlaas. Then drink Zam-Zam water, then pour some water over head. Return to al-Hajarul- Aswad (The Black Stone) and make a sign with your right hand towards it for the last time, and recite- haj7

Begin Sa’ee at as-Safa. At foot of as-Safa recite– haj25

“Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha’aa’irillaahi faman hajjal baita ‘awi`tamara falaa junaaha ‘alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa’a khairan fa’innAllaha shaakirun ‘aleemun.”

Each time upon as-Safa and al-Marwah facing Ka’ba, recite–

haj27

“Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar – laa illaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah – lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu – yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer – laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah – anjaza wa’dahu wa nasara ‘ abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu.”

-Three times, making du’aa after first and second recitation only.

Between the walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah and al-Marwah to as-Safa, it is permissible to recite – haj28

“Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a’azzul akram”

Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah (one circuit), then al-Marwah to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwah. Upon encountering green lights, men only – should run from one light to other light. Upon the completion of the Sa’ee, all restrictions are now lifted including marital relations.

Upon leaving al-Masjidul-Haraam with the left foot, recite – haj13

11th and 12th days of Zil-Hijjah (Ayyaamut-Tashreeq)

  • Stay in Mina For Stoning- From the time period between after Zawaal (sun at highest point – no shadow) until the night, stone all the three Jamarahs, 21 Pebbles required per day. Facing first Jamarah, as-Sughraa (smallest), with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting (after each throw) –

haj7

After stoning first Jamarah, face Qiblah (with first Jamarah to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to 2nd (middle one) Jamarah Facing second Jamarah, al-Wustaa , with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting(after each throw)–

haj7

After stoning second Jamarah, face Qiblah (with second Jamarah to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to third Jamarah. Facing third Jamarah, al-’Aqabah al-Kubraa, with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting(after each throw)–

haj7

After stoning final Jamarah, move onwards without supplicating. After final stoning on 12th day, calmly exit Mina and proceed to Makkah. Before final departure from Makkah, perform Tawaaful-Wadaa’ (Farewell Tawaf) as your last act.

  • Tawaaful-Wadaa (Farewell)- Upon entering al-Masjidul-Haraam with the right foot, recite –

haj24

“Allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa sallim – Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika.”
O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad, O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me.

No Ihraam is required. Start at The Black Stone. When beginning each circuit, make a sign with your right hand towards al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone), and recite –

haj7

Walking at normal pace, make seven circuits of Ka’ba. During each circuit, whilst between ar- Ruknul-Yamaanee and al-Hajarul-Aswad, recite –

haj8

“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa
‘adhaaban naar.”
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!

Then go behind Station of Ibrahim and recite –

haj9

“Wattakhidhoo min-maqaami ibraaheema musalla.”
And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.

Pray two rakaah naafilah behind Station of Ibrahim, if possible, otherwise anywhere within al-Masjidul-Haraam. Upon completion of Tawaaful-Wadaa’, you are free to depart to your home. There is nothing further required of you from the rituals of Haj. Upon leaving al-Masjidul- Haraam with the left foot, recite –

haj29

“Allahumma salli ‘alla muhammadin wa sallim – Allahumma innee ‘as’aluka min fadhlika.”

NOTE: Once the Intentions is made to discharge the obligation of Haj. It is Farz to study the Masaa’il of Haj (preferably under the guidance of an Aalim).

Points to remember:

  • If possible, cling to area between the corner of al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone) and the door, placing the chest, face and forearms upon this area.
  • If possible, touch The Black Stone with the right hand and also kiss it, then prostrate on it – this is best; if not, then touch it with the right hand then kiss the right hand; if not, simply make a sign towards it with the right hand.
  • There is no specific du’a during the walk around the Ka’bahil, apart from what has been mentioned for between The Yemeni Corner to The Black Stone. You can therefore recite the Quran or any du’a as you please.
  • If possible, touch Ar-Ruknul-Yamaanee (Yemeni Corner) each time (but do not kiss it) – this is best; if not, then do not make any sign towards it.
  • Should you pass through valley of Muhassar, then hurry through it.
  • You can also pick the pebbles in Mina. You will need only 7 pebbles on the 10th, and 42 afterwards (49 total). You will need 21 extra pebbles if you are staying for the 13th of Zil-Hijjah (63 total).They must not be bigger than a chick-pea. (approximately 1cm across = 0.39 inches).
  • It is permissible to perform Tawaaful-Wadaa’ on 12th day of Zil-Hijjah (as long as you leave Mina before sunset), thus missing the recommended (but not compulsory) day of stoning.